𝐓𝐡𝐞 𝐇𝐢𝐬𝐭𝐨𝐫𝐲 𝐎𝐟 𝐎𝐮𝐫 𝐃𝐞𝐥𝐡𝐢 | हमारी दिल्ली का इतिहास
Delhi is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, with a rich and varied history spanning thousands of years. The city has been the capital of several empires, including the Maurya, Gupta, Mughal, and British Empires.
The earliest known settlements in Delhi date back to the 6th century BC, during the time of the Mahabharata. The city was then known as Indraprastha and was ruled by the Pandavas. The city saw many rulers and dynasties come and go until the 12th century AD when it was captured by the Tomar Rajputs, who made it their capital.
In the 13th century, Delhi was invaded by the Turkic ruler, Qutb-ud-din Aibak, who founded the Delhi Sultanate. The Sultanate lasted for over three centuries and was ruled by several dynasties, including the Slave dynasty, Khilji dynasty, Tughlaq dynasty, Sayyid dynasty, and Lodi dynasty. During this time, Delhi saw the construction of several iconic structures, including the Qutub Minar, the Alai Darwaza, and the Jama Masjid.
In 1526, Delhi was conquered by the Mughal emperor Babur, who established the Mughal Empire. The Mughals ruled Delhi for over three centuries and left a lasting impact on the city’s architecture and culture. Some of the most famous Mughal structures in Delhi include the Red Fort, Humayun’s Tomb, and the Jama Masjid.
In the 19th century, Delhi was captured by the British East India Company and became the capital of British India in 1911. The city saw significant development under British rule, with the construction of several administrative buildings and the establishment of modern infrastructure.
After India gained independence in 1947, Delhi became the capital of the newly formed Indian Republic. The city has since undergone rapid development and modernization, with the construction of new buildings, roads, and public transport systems.
Today, Delhi is a bustling metropolis and one of the most populous cities in the world. It continues to be an important center of politics, culture, and commerce in India.
𝐓𝐡𝐞 𝐎𝐥𝐝 𝐌𝐨𝐧𝐮𝐦𝐞𝐧𝐭𝐬 𝐎𝐟 𝐃𝐞𝐥𝐡𝐢 | दिल्ली के पुराने स्मारक
Delhi is home to several iconic monuments and structures, many of which date back centuries. Here are some of the most famous old monuments in Delhi:
- 𝐑𝐞𝐝 𝐅𝐨𝐫𝐭 – The Red Fort is a Mughal-era fort complex located in Old Delhi. It was built in the 17th century by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and is made of red sandstone. The fort served as the residence of the Mughal emperors for over 200 years and is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- 𝐐𝐮𝐭𝐮𝐛 𝐌𝐢𝐧𝐚𝐫 – The Qutub Minar is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the tallest minarets in the world. It was built in the 12th century by Qutb-ud-din Aibak and stands over 72 meters tall. The minaret is made of red sandstone and marble and is adorned with intricate carvings and inscriptions.
- 𝐇𝐮𝐦𝐚𝐲𝐮𝐧’𝐬 𝐓𝐨𝐦𝐛 – Humayun’s Tomb is a Mughal-era tomb complex located in South Delhi. It was built in the 16th century by Mughal Empress Bega Begum in memory of her husband, Emperor Humayun. The tomb is made of red sandstone and white marble and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- 𝐉𝐚𝐦𝐚 𝐌𝐚𝐬𝐣𝐢𝐝 – The Jama Masjid is one of the largest mosques in India and was built in the 17th century by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. The mosque is made of red sandstone and white marble and can accommodate up to 25,000 worshippers at once.
- 𝐈𝐧𝐝𝐢𝐚 𝐆𝐚𝐭𝐞 – The India Gate is a war memorial located in the heart of New Delhi. It was built in the early 20th century in memory of the Indian soldiers who died in World War I. The monument is made of red sandstone and stands over 42 meters tall.
- 𝐋𝐨𝐭𝐮𝐬 𝐓𝐞𝐦𝐩𝐥𝐞 – The Lotus Temple is a Bahai house of worship located in South Delhi. It was built in the 20th century and is shaped like a lotus flower. The temple is made of white marble and is a popular tourist attraction.
- 𝐀𝐠𝐫𝐚𝐬𝐞𝐧 𝐤𝐢 𝐁𝐚𝐨𝐥𝐢 – Agrasen ki Baoli is a historical stepwell located in the heart of New Delhi, India. The exact date of its construction is unknown, but it is believed to have been built during the 14th century by Maharaja Agrasen. The stepwell is made of red sandstone and is divided into three levels. It was originally used to collect rainwater and served as a source of water for the local community during times of drought. In addition to its practical purpose, the Baoli also has religious and cultural significance and is believed to be haunted by ghosts. Today, the stepwell is a popular tourist attraction and is visited by thousands of people every year. It has also been used as a filming location for several Bollywood movies.
- 𝐋𝐨𝐝𝐢 𝐓𝐨𝐦𝐛 – The Lodi Tomb, located in Lodi Gardens, New Delhi, is a 15th-century mausoleum built by the Lodi dynasty. It is an important example of the Indo-Islamic architectural style, featuring a large central dome and intricate carvings. The tomb is the final resting place of Sikandar Lodi, the second ruler of the Lodi dynasty.
𝕿𝖍𝖊𝖘𝖊 𝖆𝖗𝖊 𝖏𝖚𝖘𝖙 𝖆 𝖋𝖊𝖜 𝖔𝖋 𝖙𝖍𝖊 𝖒𝖆𝖓𝖞 𝖔𝖑𝖉 𝖒𝖔𝖓𝖚𝖒𝖊𝖓𝖙𝖘 𝖆𝖓𝖉 𝖘𝖙𝖗𝖚𝖈𝖙𝖚𝖗𝖊𝖘 𝖙𝖍𝖆𝖙 𝖈𝖆𝖓 𝖇𝖊 𝖋𝖔𝖚𝖓𝖉 𝖎𝖓 𝕯𝖊𝖑𝖍𝖎. 𝕰𝖆𝖈𝖍 𝖒𝖔𝖓𝖚𝖒𝖊𝖓𝖙 𝖙𝖊𝖑𝖑𝖘 𝖆 𝖚𝖓𝖎𝖖𝖚𝖊 𝖘𝖙𝖔𝖗𝖞 𝖆𝖓𝖉 𝖕𝖗𝖔𝖛𝖎𝖉𝖊𝖘 𝖆 𝖌𝖑𝖎𝖒𝖕𝖘𝖊 𝖎𝖓𝖙𝖔 𝖙𝖍𝖊 𝖈𝖎𝖙𝖞’𝖘 𝖗𝖎𝖈𝖍 𝖍𝖎𝖘𝖙𝖔𝖗𝖞 𝖆𝖓𝖉 𝖈𝖚𝖑𝖙𝖚𝖗𝖊.
𝐓𝐡𝐞 𝐃𝐞𝐭𝐚𝐢𝐥𝐬 𝐎𝐟 𝐑𝐞𝐝 𝐅𝐨𝐫𝐭:-
The Red Fort is a historic fort complex located in the heart of Old Delhi. It was built in the 17th century by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and served as the residence of the Mughal emperors for over 200 years. Today, the Red Fort is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the most popular tourist attractions in Delhi.
𝐀𝐫𝐜𝐡𝐢𝐭𝐞𝐜𝐭𝐮𝐫𝐞 & 𝐃𝐞𝐬𝐢𝐠𝐧:
The Red Fort is made of red sandstone and is a prime example of Mughal-era architecture. The fort covers an area of approximately 254.67 acres and is surrounded by high walls that stretch for over two kilometers. The walls are punctuated by several gates, including the Lahore Gate, the Delhi Gate, and the Water Gate.
Inside the fort, visitors can explore several buildings and structures, including the Diwan-i-Aam (Hall of Public Audience), the Diwan-i-Khas (Hall of Private Audience), the Rang Mahal (Palace of Colors), and the Khas Mahal (Private Palace). The fort also houses several gardens and courtyards, including the Naubat Khana (Drum House) and the Hayat Bakhsh Bagh (Life-Bestowing Garden).
The Red Fort was built in 1638 by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, who wanted a new capital city that would rival the great cities of the world. The fort was named after the red sandstone used in its construction and was designed to be both a royal residence and a center of governance.
Over the centuries, the Red Fort served as the seat of power for several Mughal emperors, including Aurangzeb and Bahadur Shah Zafar. The fort was also the site of many important events in Indian history, including the Indian Rebellion of 1857, when it was briefly occupied by Indian rebels before being recaptured by the British.
In 1947, after India gained independence, the Red Fort became a symbol of Indian nationalism and was the site of the country’s first Independence Day celebrations. Today, the fort is a popular tourist attraction and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
𝐕𝐢𝐬𝐢𝐭𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐑𝐞𝐝 𝐅𝐨𝐫𝐭:
The Red Fort is open to visitors every day except Mondays. Visitors can enter the fort through the Lahore Gate and explore the various buildings and gardens inside. The fort is also the site of several cultural events, including a sound and light show that takes place in the evenings.
𝐓𝐡𝐞 𝐃𝐞𝐭𝐚𝐢𝐥𝐬 𝐎𝐟 𝐐𝐮𝐭𝐮𝐛 𝐌𝐢𝐧𝐚𝐫:-
Qutub Minar is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in Delhi, India. It is one of the tallest minarets in the world and a popular tourist attraction. Here are some details about the history, architecture, and significance of Qutub Minar:
Qutub Minar was built by Qutb-ud-din Aibak, the founder of the Delhi Sultanate, in the early 13th century. The construction of the minaret was completed by Aibak’s successors, Iltutmish and Firoz Shah Tughlaq, in the centuries that followed. The minaret is named after Qutb-ud-din Aibak and was originally built as a victory tower to commemorate the Muslim conquest of northern India.
Qutb-ud-din Aibak, the first Muslim ruler of Delhi, began building the Qutub Minar in 1192 CE as a tower of victory to celebrate the Muslim conquest of northern India. However, the construction was interrupted after he died in 1210 CE. His successor, Iltutmish, resumed work on the minaret and added three more stories to it. The construction of the Qutub Minar was finally completed by Firoz Shah Tughlaq in the 14th century, who added the fifth and final story.
Qutub Minar is made of red sandstone and marble and stands over 72 meters tall. The minaret has five distinct stories, each marked by a balcony and surrounded by intricate carvings and inscriptions. The first three stories of the minaret are made of red sandstone, while the fourth and fifth stories are made of marble.
The minaret is covered with Arabic inscriptions and decorative motifs, including verses from the Quran and geometric patterns. The top of the minaret is crowned by a small dome, which was added in the 14th century by Firoz Shah Tughlaq.
Qutub Minar is considered a masterpiece of Indo-Islamic architecture and is an important cultural and historical landmark in India. The minaret represents the triumph of Islam over Hinduism in northern India and is a symbol of the Muslim conquest of Delhi. It is also an important example of the early use of architectural techniques and materials that would come to define Mughal architecture in India.
The Qutub Minar is an important cultural and historical landmark in India. It represents the triumph of Islam over Hinduism in northern India and is a symbol of the Muslim conquest of Delhi. It is also an important example of the early use of architectural techniques and materials that would come to define Mughal architecture in India.
In addition to the minaret, the Qutub Minar complex includes several other important historical structures, including the Iron Pillar, a 4th-century iron pillar that has never rusted, and the ruins of several ancient temples.
𝐕𝐢𝐬𝐢𝐭𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐐𝐮𝐭𝐮𝐛 𝐌𝐢𝐧𝐚𝐫:
Qutub Minar is open to visitors every day except Mondays. Visitors can climb to the top of the minaret, although access to the upper levels is restricted. The minaret is surrounded by several other historic structures, including the Iron Pillar, a 4th-century iron pillar that has never rusted, and the ruins of several ancient temples. The site is also the site of several cultural events throughout the year, including a music and dance festival held in the winter months.
𝐓𝐡𝐞 𝐃𝐞𝐭𝐚𝐢𝐥𝐬 𝐎𝐟 𝐇𝐮𝐦𝐚𝐲𝐮𝐧’𝐬 𝐓𝐨𝐦𝐛:-
Humayun’s Tomb is a historical mausoleum located in Delhi, India. It was built in the mid-16th century and is a fine example of Mughal architecture. Here is a brief history of Humayun’s Tomb:
Humayun’s Tomb was commissioned by Bega Begum, the wife of the Mughal emperor Humayun after he died in 1556. The construction of the tomb was completed in 1572, during the reign of his son, Emperor Akbar. The tomb was designed by Mirak Mirza Ghiyas, a Persian architect who was brought to India by Akbar.
Humayun’s Tomb is a masterpiece of Mughal architecture and is considered a precursor to the Taj Mahal. The tomb is made of red sandstone and white marble and stands on a platform in the center of a large garden. The mausoleum has a symmetrical design and features several domes and arches, which are typical of Mughal architecture.
The tomb is surrounded by several other buildings, including a mosque, a gateway, and several other tombs and pavilions. The tomb and its surrounding buildings are decorated with intricate carvings, inscriptions, and geometric patterns.
Humayun’s Tomb is an important cultural and historical landmark in India. It is the first garden tomb in India and served as a template for later Mughal tombs, including the Taj Mahal. The tomb is also significant because it marks the beginning of the Mughal architectural style in India. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is considered one of the best-preserved Mughal tombs in the country.
𝐕𝐢𝐬𝐢𝐭𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐇𝐮𝐦𝐚𝐲𝐮𝐧’𝐬 𝐓𝐨𝐦𝐛:
Humayun’s Tomb is open to visitors every day of the week. The site is surrounded by a large garden, which is a popular spot for picnics and leisure activities. Visitors can explore the tomb and its surrounding buildings, including the mosque and other tombs and pavilions. The site also includes a museum, which displays artifacts and historical information about the Mughal period in India.
𝐓𝐡𝐞 𝐃𝐞𝐭𝐚𝐢𝐥𝐬 𝐎𝐟 𝐉𝐚𝐦𝐚 𝐌𝐚𝐬𝐣𝐢𝐝:-
Jama Masjid is a historical mosque located in Old Delhi, India. It is one of the largest and most famous mosques in India and is an important cultural and religious landmark in the country. Here is a brief history of Jama Masjid:
Jama Masjid was commissioned by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the mid-17th century. The mosque was built between 1650 and 1656 by a team of architects and artisans led by Ustad Ahmad Lahori, who was also the chief architect of the Taj Mahal. The construction of the mosque cost approximately one million rupees and involved the labor of over 5,000 workers.
Jama Masjid is an excellent example of Mughal architecture and features a blend of Islamic, Persian, and Indian architectural styles. The mosque is made of red sandstone and white marble and has three large domes and two minarets that are over 40 meters tall. The mosque also features several smaller domes and arches, which are decorated with intricate carvings and inscriptions.
The mosque has a large courtyard that can accommodate up to 25,000 worshipers at a time. The courtyard is surrounded by a colonnade with arched entrances, which lead to the main prayer hall. The prayer hall is decorated with intricate patterns and calligraphy and is supported by several marble pillars.
Jama Masjid is an important cultural and religious landmark in India. It is one of the largest and most famous mosques in the country and is an important center of Islamic learning and scholarship. The mosque is also significant because it was built during the height of the Mughal Empire and is considered one of the greatest achievements of Mughal architecture.
𝐕𝐢𝐬𝐢𝐭𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐉𝐚𝐦𝐚 𝐌𝐚𝐬𝐣𝐢𝐝:
Jama Masjid is open to visitors every day of the week, except during prayer times. Visitors are required to dress modestly and remove their shoes before entering the mosque. The mosque also provides robes for visitors who are not dressed appropriately. The mosque is surrounded by several markets and bazaars, which sell a variety of goods, including clothing, jewelry, and food. Visitors can also climb to the top of one of the minarets for a panoramic view of Old Delhi.
𝐓𝐡𝐞 𝐃𝐞𝐭𝐚𝐢𝐥𝐬 𝐎𝐟 𝐈𝐧𝐝𝐢𝐚 𝐆𝐚𝐭𝐞:-
The India Gate is a war memorial located in the heart of New Delhi, India. It was built in the early 20th century to honor the Indian soldiers who died in World War I and the Afghan Wars. Here is a brief history of India Gate:
The India Gate was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens, a British architect who was commissioned by the British government to design the new capital of India. The construction of the gate began in 1921 and was completed in 1931. The gate was originally called the “All India War Memorial” and was dedicated to the 70,000 soldiers of the British Indian Army who died in the First World War and the Third Anglo-Afghan War.
The India Gate is a massive triumphal arch made of sandstone and granite. It stands 42 meters tall and is surrounded by a large park known as the Rajpath. The arch is decorated with several inscriptions, including the names of over 13,000 soldiers who died in the wars. The gate is also surrounded by several fountains and a canopy that was added in 1971 to honor the soldiers who died in the Bangladesh Liberation War.
The India Gate is an important symbol of India’s history and its struggle for independence. It is also a symbol of India’s commitment to peace and its gratitude to the soldiers who sacrificed their lives for the country. The gate is a popular tourist attraction and is visited by thousands of people every day.
𝐕𝐢𝐬𝐢𝐭𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐈𝐧𝐝𝐢𝐚 𝐆𝐚𝐭𝐞:
The India Gate is open to visitors 24 hours a day, and there is no entrance fee. Visitors can walk around the gate and the surrounding park and enjoy the fountains and the beautiful view of the city. The gate is particularly beautiful at night when it is illuminated by floodlights. There are also several food vendors and souvenir shops located near the gate.
𝐓𝐡𝐞 𝐃𝐞𝐭𝐚𝐢𝐥𝐬 𝐎𝐟 𝐋𝐨𝐭𝐮𝐬 𝐓𝐞𝐦𝐩𝐥𝐞:-
Lotus Temple is a Bahá’í House of Worship located in New Delhi, India. It is a unique and beautiful structure that has become one of the most visited tourist attractions in India. Here is a brief history of Lotus Temple:
The Lotus Temple was designed by Iranian-Canadian architect Fariborz Sahba and completed in 1986. The temple was built by the Bahá’í community of India, which was inspired by the teachings of Bahá’u’lláh, the founder of the Bahá’í faith. The temple took six years to build and cost approximately $10 million.
The Lotus Temple is a unique and striking structure that resembles a blooming lotus flower. It is made of white marble and has 27 petals that are arranged in three rows. The temple is surrounded by nine pools of water that reflect the temple’s image and create a peaceful and serene atmosphere. The interior of the temple is also breathtaking, with a central hall that can accommodate up to 2,500 people. The hall is surrounded by nine alcoves, which contain religious texts and symbols from different religions around the world.
The Lotus Temple is an important symbol of unity and peace. It is open to people of all faiths and is a place where people can come together and worship in a peaceful and harmonious environment. The temple is also a symbol of the Bahá’í faith, which emphasizes the unity of all religions and the oneness of humanity.
𝐕𝐢𝐬𝐢𝐭𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐋𝐨𝐭𝐮𝐬 𝐓𝐞𝐦𝐩𝐥𝐞:
The Lotus Temple is open to visitors every day of the week, except on Mondays. There is no entrance fee, but visitors are required to remove their shoes before entering the temple. Visitors are also required to maintain silence inside the temple and refrain from taking photographs. The temple is located in the southern part of Delhi and can be easily reached by taxi or public transport.
𝐓𝐡𝐞 𝐃𝐞𝐭𝐚𝐢𝐥𝐬 𝐎𝐟 𝐀𝐠𝐫𝐚𝐬𝐞𝐧 𝐤𝐢 𝐁𝐚𝐨𝐥𝐢:-
Agrasen ki Baoli is a historical stepwell located in the heart of New Delhi, India. It is believed to have been built during the 14th century by Maharaja Agrasen, who was a legendary king of the Agarwal community. The exact date of its construction is unknown, but it is believed to have been built during the Tughlaq era.
The stepwell is made of red sandstone and is divided into three levels. The top level is the entrance, which is a narrow rectangular space with arched openings on the sides. The second level is a square-shaped platform that has a series of steps leading down to the third and final level, which is the well itself. The well is rectangular and has steps on all four sides, leading down to the water level.
The stepwell was originally used to collect rainwater and served as a source of water for the local community during times of drought. It was also used for religious and cultural purposes and was considered to be a sacred site. It is believed that the Baoli was once much deeper than it is now and that the water level has receded over time.
In addition to its practical purpose, the Baoli also has cultural significance. It is believed to be named after Maharaja Agrasen, who is a revered figure in the Agarwal community. The Baoli is also believed to be haunted by ghosts, and there are several legends and stories associated with the site.
Today, the stepwell is a popular tourist attraction and is visited by thousands of people every year. It has also been used as a filming location for several Bollywood movies, including the popular movie “PK”. The Archaeological Survey of India has declared Agrasen ki Baoli a protected monument, and efforts are being made to preserve and restore the site for future generations.
𝐓𝐡𝐞 𝐃𝐞𝐭𝐚𝐢𝐥𝐬 𝐎𝐟 𝐋𝐨𝐝𝐢 𝐓𝐨𝐦𝐛:-
The Lodi Tomb is a mausoleum located in Lodi Gardens, New Delhi, India. It was built in the 15th century by the Lodi dynasty, which ruled over a large part of northern India from 1451 to 1526.
The tomb is the final resting place of Sikandar Lodi, the second ruler of the Lodi dynasty, who died in 1517. The Lodi dynasty was known for its simplicity and elegance, and the tomb reflects this style with its restrained ornamentation and use of red sandstone.
The Lodi Tomb is an important example of the architectural style of the Lodi dynasty, which was characterized by a fusion of Indian and Islamic styles. The tomb is built in the Indo-Islamic style, with a large central dome and smaller domes on the corners. It is decorated with intricate carvings and inscriptions in Arabic and Persian, and the interior of the tomb features a vaulted ceiling and a series of smaller chambers.
Over the centuries, the Lodi Tomb fell into disrepair and was neglected, but it was restored by the British during their rule in India. Today, the tomb is a popular tourist attraction and is visited by thousands of people every year. It is also a significant cultural and historical monument, representing the legacy of the Lodi dynasty and the rich history of India.