Freedom Fighters of India 1857-1947, List, Names, Introduction, Contribution

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Behind the Independence Day celebrations on August 15, 1947, there lies a violent and chaotic history of ferocious uprisings, battles, and other actions taken by thousands of fervent Indian independence fighters to free India from British domination. Numerous Indian freedom activists struggled, suffered, and lost their lives.

The Indian freedom fighters not only contributed significantly to the nation’s independence, but they also left behind a legacy of bravery, unyielding resolve, and everlasting loyalty to their homeland. Even after they are gone, they continue to motivate millions to fight for and defend our priceless freedom.


India’s struggle for independence from British colonial rule witnessed the relentless efforts of numerous brave men and women, commonly known as freedom fighters. These individuals fearlessly fought against oppressive policies, rallied the masses, and inspired a nation to rise against the shackles of foreign domination. Their unwavering dedication and sacrifices played a crucial role in shaping India’s destiny.

The most prominent among them was Mahatma Gandhi, affectionately referred to as the Father of the Nation. Gandhi advocated non-violent civil disobedience and spearheaded movements like the Salt March, Quit India Movement, and Non-Cooperation Movement. His philosophy of Ahimsa (non-violence) and Satyagraha (truth force) resonated with millions, making him a symbol of peaceful resistance.

Another notable figure was Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India. Nehru was a leading member of the Indian National Congress and played a vital role in shaping India’s political landscape. He championed secularism, democracy, and social justice, laying the foundation for India’s modern governance.

Bhagat Singh, a revolutionary socialist, challenged British rule through acts of defiance and armed resistance. His sacrifice and courage left an indelible mark on the freedom struggle, inspiring generations of Indians.

Subhas Chandra Bose, known as Netaji, formed the Indian National Army (INA) and sought support from Axis powers during World War II to overthrow British rule. His vision of an armed struggle resonated with many and continues to inspire patriotism.

The list of freedom fighters also includes Sarojini Naidu, Rani Lakshmibai, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, and countless others who fought selflessly for India’s independence.

These freedom fighters dedicated their lives to the cause of liberation, exhibiting immense bravery, resilience, and leadership. Their contributions, sacrifices, and unwavering commitment continue to inspire generations, reminding us of the true spirit of patriotism and the importance of safeguarding freedom and democracy.

Freedom Fighters Name

  1. Mangal Pandey
  2. Mahatma Gandhi
  3. Bhagat Singh
  4. Sardar Vallabhabhai Patel
  5. Subhas Chandra Bose
  6. Lala Lajpat Rai
  7. Bal Gangadhar Tilak
  8. Dr. Rajendra Prasad
  9. Lal Bahadur Shastri
  10. Jawaharlal  Nehru
  11. Gopal Krishna Gokhale
  12. Chandra Shekhar Azad
  13. Dadabhai Naoroji
  14. Tantia Tope
  15. Bipin Chandra Pal
  16. Ashfaqulla Khan
  17. Nana Sahib
  18. Sukhdev
  19. Kunwar Singh
  20. V.D Savarkar
  21. Annie Besant
  22. Rani Lakshmi bai
  23. Begum Hazrat Mahal
  24. Kasturba Gandhi
  25. Kamla Nehru
  26. Vijay Laxmi Pandit
  27. Sarojini Naidu
  28. Aruna Asaf Ali
  29. Madam Bhikaji Cama
  30. Kamla Chattopadhyay
  31. Sucheta Kriplani
  32. Kittur Chennamma
  33. Savitribai Phule
  34. Usha Mehta
  35. Lakshmi Sahgal
  36. Dr. B.R Ambedkar
  37. Rani Gaidinliu
  38. Pingali Venkayya
  39. Veerapandiya Kattabomman
  40. Bakht Khan
  41. Chetram Jatav
  42. Chetram Jatav
  43. Bahadur Shah Zafar
  44. Manmath Nath Gupta
  45. Rajendra Lahiri
  46. Sachindra Bakshi
  47. Roshan Singh
  48. Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee
  49. Bagha Jatin
  50. Kartar Singh Sarabha
  51. Basa won Singh (Sinha)
  52. Senapati Bapat
  53. Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi
  54. Tirupur Kumaran
  55. Parbati Giri
  56. Kanneganti Hanumanthu
  57. Alluri Sitarama Raju
  58. Bhavabhushan Mitra
  59. Chittaranjan Das
  60. Prafulla Chak… 

Most Famous Women Indian Freedom Fighters

  1. Rani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi
  2. Annie Besant
  3. Madam Bhikaji Cama
  4. Kasturba Gandhi
  5. Aruna Asaf Ali
  6. Sarojini Naidu
  7. Usha Mehta
  8. Begum Hazrat Mahal
  9. Kamala Nehru
  10. Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
  11. Jhalkari Bai
  12. Savitri Bai Phule
  13. Ammu Swaminathan
  14. Kittu Rani Chennamma

Freedom Fighters’ Contributions & List

The Indian Freedom Fighters sacrificed their freedom, comfort, and lives to make India a lovely place to live. Here is a list of every Indian freedom fighter from 1857 to 1947, along with a description of their significant accomplishments.

Freedom Fighters’ Contribution



Mahatma Gandhi Father of the Nation

Civil Rights Activists in South Africa


Civil Disobedience Movement

Quit India Movement

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Civil Disobedience Movement and Quit India Movement

Unification of India

Dadabhai Naoroji Unofficial Ambassador of India
Lala Lajpat Rai Punjab Kesari

Against Simon Commission

Bal Gangadhar Tilak The Maker of Modern India

Swadeshi Movement

Bhagat Singh He was one of the most celebrated young and influential revolutionary freedom fighters in India
Dr. B R Ambedkar He is known as the father of the Constitution & First Law Minister of India.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad He was the first President of the Republic of India.
Rani Laxmi Bai She was Indian Rebellion of 1857. She fought bravely against the forces of the East India Company and was killed on the battlefield.
Mangal Pandey Indian Rebellions of 1857
Ram Prasad Bismil Kakori conspiracy


Top 10 Freedom Fighters of India

Determining the top 10 freedom fighters of India is a subjective task as different individuals made significant contributions in their own unique ways. However, taking into account their impact and historical significance, here is a list of ten prominent freedom fighters:

  1. Mangal Pandey
  2. Bhagat Singh
  3. Mahatma Gandhi
  4. Subhas Chandra Bose
  5. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
  6. Lala Lajpat Rai
  7. Rani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi
  8. Madam Bhikaji Cama
  9. Dr. B.R Ambedkar
  10. Dr. Lal Bhadur Shastri

Mangal Pandey

Mangal Pandey was a key figure in the Indian independence movement and is widely regarded as one of the earliest freedom fighters of India. Born on July 19, 1827, in Nagwa, a village in present-day Uttar Pradesh, Mangal Pandey served as a sepoy (soldier) in the British East India Company’s 34th Bengal Native Infantry regiment.

Pandey’s name became synonymous with rebellion and resistance when he led an uprising against the British on March 29, 1857. The incident took place in Barrackpore, West Bengal, where Pandey refused to use cartridges greased with animal fat, a practice that deeply offended both Hindu and Muslim sepoys. This defiance marked the beginning of what later became known as the Indian Rebellion of 1857 or the First War of Independence.

Mangal Pandey’s act of rebellion and subsequent execution sparked widespread protests and inspired other sepoys to rise up against British rule. His courage and determination symbolized the growing discontent among Indian soldiers and civilians regarding British policies and exploitation.

Pandey’s actions resonated deeply with his fellow countrymen and became a rallying point for the freedom movement. His sacrifice and commitment to the cause of independence galvanized the Indian population and played a significant role in shaping the subsequent resistance against British rule.

Mangal Pandey’s legacy lives on as a symbol of India’s fight for freedom. His name has become synonymous with the spirit of patriotism and resistance against colonial oppression. His bravery and sacrifice continue to inspire generations of Indians, reminding them of the importance of standing up for justice and freedom.

In recognition of his contribution, Mangal Pandey holds a special place in the hearts of Indians, and his name is remembered with reverence in the annals of India’s struggle for independence.

Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh was a revolutionary socialist and a prominent freedom fighter who played a crucial role in India’s struggle for independence. Born on September 28, 1907, in Punjab, Bhagat Singh was deeply influenced by the oppressive British rule and the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. He became actively involved in revolutionary activities and advocated for the overthrow of British colonialism.

Bhagat Singh is best known for his involvement in the Lahore Conspiracy Case and the Central Legislative Assembly bombing. Despite his young age, he displayed immense courage and fearlessness in the face of adversity. Bhagat Singh’s actions aimed to awaken the Indian masses and inspire them to fight for freedom.

His steadfast commitment to the cause of independence and his refusal to bow down to colonial oppression made him a martyr and an iconic figure in India’s freedom struggle. Bhagat Singh’s sacrifice continues to inspire generations, symbolizing the indomitable spirit and unwavering determination of the Indian people in their quest for freedom.

Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi, born on October 2, 1869, in Gujarat, India, is one of the most renowned and revered figures in India’s history. He is widely known as the Father of the Nation for his pivotal role in leading India to independence through non-violent means.

Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violence, or Ahimsa, coupled with his principles of truth and civil disobedience, known as Satyagraha, became the guiding principles of the Indian independence movement. He led numerous campaigns, including the Salt March and the Quit India Movement, mobilizing millions of Indians to peacefully resist British colonial rule.

Gandhi’s steadfast commitment to truth, justice, and equality inspired people around the world and became a powerful force for change. His leadership and moral integrity continue to be an enduring symbol of peace and non-violence.

Assassinated on January 30, 1948, Gandhi’s legacy lives on as a beacon of hope and as a reminder of the power of peaceful resistance in the face of oppression. His teachings continue to inspire individuals and movements worldwide, advocating for justice, human rights, and equality.

Subhas Chandra Bose

Subhas Chandra Bose, popularly known as Netaji, was a prominent freedom fighter and nationalist leader during India’s struggle for independence. Born on January 23, 1897, in Cuttack, Odisha, Bose played a significant role in shaping the Indian National Congress and the fight against British colonial rule.

Bose believed in a more militant approach to achieving independence and sought support from Axis powers during World War II to overthrow British rule. He formed the Forward Bloc and later the Indian National Army (INA), which aimed to liberate India through armed resistance.

Known for his charismatic leadership and unwavering determination, Bose inspired thousands of Indians to join his cause. His famous slogan “Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom!” resonated with the masses and reflected his commitment to the cause of independence.

Although Bose’s approach differed from that of Mahatma Gandhi, his contribution to the freedom struggle remains significant. His legacy as a patriotic and visionary leader continues to inspire generations, and he is remembered as one of the iconic figures who fought tirelessly for India’s liberation.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, often referred to as the Iron Man of India was a prominent leader and one of the key figures in India’s struggle for independence. Born on October 31, 1875, in Gujarat, Patel played a crucial role in the integration of princely states and the formation of independent India.

As the first Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Home Affairs of independent India, Patel worked tirelessly to unite the various princely states into a single nation. His skillful negotiation and persuasive abilities resulted in the successful integration of over 500 princely states, laying the foundation for a united India.

Patel’s firm resolve, leadership, and administrative abilities earned him immense respect and admiration from his colleagues and the people of India. His commitment to national unity and his role in shaping the nation’s destiny make him a revered figure in India’s history.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’s contributions to India’s freedom struggle and nation-building continue to inspire generations. His dedication to the unity and integrity of the country serves as a reminder of the importance of strong leadership, statesmanship, and the pursuit of national harmony.

Lala Lajpat Rai

Lala Lajpat Rai, also known as Punjab Kesari (Lion of Punjab), was a prominent freedom fighter, nationalist leader, and social reformer during India’s struggle for independence. Born on January 28, 1865, in Punjab, Lajpat Rai played a crucial role in mobilizing the masses and raising awareness about the oppressive policies of the British Raj.

Lajpat Rai firmly believed in the principles of Swaraj (self-rule) and worked tirelessly to advocate for the rights and welfare of the Indian people. He actively participated in several movements and protests against British rule, including the Non-Cooperation Movement initiated by Mahatma Gandhi.

Lala Lajpat Rai was an eloquent speaker and writer who fearlessly challenged the British authorities. He was instrumental in establishing educational institutions and promoting social reforms, particularly in the fields of education and women’s rights.

His patriotic fervor and dedication to the cause of independence made him a revered figure among his contemporaries. Lala Lajpat Rai’s sacrifice and commitment to the nation continue to inspire generations, serving as a reminder of the indomitable spirit of those who fought for India’s freedom.

Rani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi

Rani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi, born on November 19, 1828, was a courageous queen and one of the leading figures of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. She became an icon of resistance and bravery for her role in the uprising against British colonial rule.

Rani Lakshmi Bai fiercely fought against the annexation of Jhansi by the British East India Company. After her husband’s death, she took up arms and led her troops into battle, displaying exceptional military skills and strategic acumen. Despite facing significant odds, she valiantly defended her kingdom against the British forces.

Rani Lakshmi Bai’s heroism and leadership inspired countless Indians to join the struggle for independence. Her defiance and unwavering spirit became a symbol of resistance against colonial oppression.

Though she ultimately lost her life on the battlefield in 1858, Rani Lakshmi Bai’s legacy lives on as a symbol of courage, patriotism, and the indomitable spirit of Indian women. Her contribution to India’s freedom movement continues to inspire and her story serves as a testament to the strength and determination of those who fought for independence.

Madam Bhikaji Cama

  • Madam Bhikaji Cama, born on September 24, 1861, was a pioneering freedom fighter, social reformer, and prominent figure in India’s independence movement. She played a significant role in raising awareness about India’s struggle for freedom on an international platform.
  • Madam Cama is best known for designing and hoisting the first version of the Indian National Flag in 1907 during an international socialist conference in Germany. The flag displayed the slogan “Vande Mataram” and was a powerful symbol of India’s aspiration for independence.
  • Throughout her life, Madam Cama actively participated in various political and social causes, advocating for women’s rights, education, and national unity. She was a fearless and eloquent speaker, using her voice to highlight the injustices faced by the Indian people under British rule.
  • Madam Bhikaji Cama’s contributions to India’s freedom movement, her international activism, and her unwavering commitment to the cause of independence continue to inspire generations. Her legacy serves as a reminder of the power of activism and the importance of fighting for justice and freedom.

Dr. B.R Ambedkar

  • Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, born on April 14, 1891, was a social reformer, jurist, and prominent leader in India’s independence movement. He dedicated his life to fighting against social discrimination, championing the rights of the oppressed, and working toward social justice and equality.
  • Ambedkar, as an advocate for the rights of the Dalit community (formerly known as untouchables), played a crucial role in drafting the Indian Constitution. He fought against caste-based discrimination and worked tirelessly to uplift the marginalized sections of society.
  • Ambedkar’s significant contributions include the eradication of untouchability, the promotion of education and employment opportunities for the underprivileged, and the fight for women’s rights. His relentless efforts laid the foundation for a more inclusive and egalitarian India.
  • Dr. B.R. Ambedkar’s vision and principles continue to inspire movements for social justice and equality in India and around the world. His invaluable contributions to nation-building and his unwavering commitment to the principles of democracy and social reform make him a revered figure and a champion for the oppressed.

Lal Bahadur Shastri

Lal Bahadur Shastri, born on October 2, 1904, was a prominent leader and the second Prime Minister of independent India. Known for his simplicity, integrity, and humility, Shastri played a vital role in shaping India’s post-independence era.

During his tenure as Prime Minister from 1964 to 1966, Shastri focused on promoting economic self-sufficiency, agricultural development, and social equality. He coined the slogan “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” (Hail the Soldier, Hail the Farmer), emphasizing the importance of both defense and agriculture for the nation’s progress.

Shastri’s leadership was tested during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, where he displayed unwavering determination and strategic acumen. Despite facing a formidable adversary, he successfully led India through the conflict, earning respect and admiration both domestically and internationally.

Tragically, Lal Bahadur Shastri’s life was cut short when he passed away on January 11, 1966, under mysterious circumstances in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, while working towards peace talks with Pakistan.

Lal Bahadur Shastri’s legacy is one of integrity, simplicity, and dedication to the nation. His leadership and contributions to India’s progress continue to inspire generations, reminding us of the values of honesty, humility, and service to the country.

FAQ’s Freedom Fighters of India 1857-1947

Who is the top 10 freedom fighters? 

  1. Mangal Pandey
  2. Bhagat Singh
  3. Mahatma Gandhi
  4. Subhas Chandra Bose
  5. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
  6. Lala Lajpat Rai
  7. Rani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi
  8. Madam Bhikaji Cama
  9. Dr. B.R Ambedkar
  10. Lal Bahadur Shastri

Who are the 5 freedom fighters of India? 

    1. Mangal Pandey
    2. Bhagat Singh
    3. Mahatma Gandhi
    4. Subhas Chandra Bose
    5. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

What are 10 names of female freedom fighters? 

  1. Rani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi
  2. Annie Besant
  3. Madam Bhikaji Cama
  4. Kasturba Gandhi
  5. Aruna Asaf Ali
  6. Sarojini Naidu
  7. Usha Mehta
  8. Begum Hazrat Mahal
  9. Kamala Nehru
  10. Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit

Who was the 1st freedom fighter of India?

The 1st recognized freedom fighter in India is Mangal Pandey. He is known for his rebellion against the British East India Company in 1857, which sparked the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Mangal Pandey’s act of defiance marked the beginning of India’s organized resistance against British colonial rule.

Who is the father of the Freedom Movement in India?

The title “Father of the Nation” is often attributed to Mahatma Gandhi, as he played a pivotal role in leading India to independence through non-violent means. However, it’s important to note that there were numerous freedom fighters who made significant contributions, and the struggle for independence was a collective effort.

Who was the first youngest freedom fighter?

The title of the youngest freedom fighter in India is often attributed to Khudiram Bose. Born on December 3, 1889, Bose became involved in revolutionary activities at a young age. At the age of 18, he attempted to assassinate a British judge and sacrificed his life for the cause of independence.

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