List of GDP of States of India

The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of a country serves as a vital indicator of its economic health and prosperity. As the world’s sixth-largest economy, India boasts a diverse landscape of economic activities that contribute to its overall growth. However, to truly understand the intricacies and disparities of this dynamic nation’s economic performance, we must delve into the individual contributions of its states. Each state in India plays a crucial role in shaping the nation’s economic narrative, bringing a unique blend of resources, industries, and demographics to the table.

What is GDP?

GDP stands for Gross Domestic Product. It is a fundamental economic indicator that represents the total monetary value of all goods and services produced within a country’s borders during a specific time period, typically measured on an annual or quarterly basis. GDP serves as a crucial measure of a country’s economic performance and is used to assess its overall economic health, growth rate, and standard of living.

GDP is calculated through three different approaches: the production approach, the income approach, and the expenditure approach. Each approach provides a slightly different perspective on the economy but ultimately should yield the same GDP figure.

By analyzing GDP, economists, policymakers, and investors can gain insights into the overall size and direction of an economy, identify economic trends, compare the relative economic performance of different countries, and formulate economic policies to promote sustainable growth and development. It is an essential tool for understanding and managing economic activities within a nation and plays a vital role in shaping economic decisions and strategies.

List of GDP of States of India

The list of Net State Domestic Products at Current Prices (2011-12 Series) is given below:

S. No State 2020-21 2021-22
1 Andhra Pradesh 917920 1085625
2 Arunachal Pradesh 29354 NA
3 Assam 303016 NA
4 Bihar 533583 614431
5 Chhattisgarh 312532 NA
6 Goa 67075 NA
7 Gujarat 1459229 NA
8 Haryana 683810 808030
9 Himachal Pradesh 135190 150866


S. No State 2020-21 2021-22
10 Jharkhand 271839 304903
11 Karnataka 1575400 1870429
12 Kerala 718034 811517
13 Madhya Pradesh 881530 1061297
14 Maharashtra 2393953 NA
15 Manipur 30866 NA
16 Meghalaya 30791 33690
17 Mizoram 17463 NA
18 Nagaland 26923 NA
19 Odisha 462358 571793
20 Punjab 471074 516142
21 Rajasthan 914262 1078903
22 Sikkim 27778 32133


S. No State 2020-21 2021-22
23 Tamil Nadu 1617931 1845519
24 Telangana 868926 1041617
25 Tripura 48527 57589
26 Uttar Pradesh 1425330 1614798
27 Uttarakhand 207289 225097
28 West Bengal 1186857 NA
29 Andaman & Nicobar Islands NA NA
30 Chandigarh 35216 NA
31 Delhi 702519 836162
32 Jammu & Kashmir-U.T. 137397 162926
33 Puducherry 32006 33806

GDP of India

As of 2023, India’s gross domestic product (GDP) has surged past the $3.75 trillion milestone, a significant increase from approximately $2 trillion recorded in 2014. At present, India’s GDP stands higher than that of the United Kingdom ($3,159 billion), France ($2,924 billion), Canada ($2,089 billion), Russia ($1,840 billion), and Australia ($1,550 billion) when considering current prices.

Notably, India’s economic growth trajectory has propelled it to surpass the UK, making it the world’s fifth-largest economy. According to projections by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), India now trails only the United States ($26,854 billion), China ($19,374 billion), Japan ($4,410 billion), and Germany ($4,309 billion) in terms of GDP, indicating its growing significance on the global economic stage.

State with the Highest GDP

The top-ranking state in terms of GDP in India is Maharashtra with a GSDP of Rs 18.89 lakh crore, contributing approximately 14.4% to the country’s overall GDP. Maharashtra’s economy is characterized by its diversity and prominence in key sectors such as manufacturing, finance, and services. The state’s capital city, Mumbai, holds the status of India’s financial hub and accommodates numerous influential financial institutions and industries.

Maharashtra’s economic growth has been bolstered by substantial foreign investments and a robust infrastructure network. To further support business and attract investment, the state government has implemented several proactive policies and initiatives, making Maharashtra a sought-after destination for both domestic and international investors.

Second Highest State GDP

After Maharashtra, Gujarat is the second-largest state in India in terms of GSDP. The state’s GSDP stood at Rs 6.16 lakh crore in FY 2011-12 and it has more than doubled to Rs 12.48 lakh crore in FY 2020-21.

Factors Affecting the GDP of a State

The economic growth of Indian states is influenced by a multitude of factors. Natural resources, infrastructure, human capital, and government policies all play pivotal roles in determining a state’s GDP. States boasting strong manufacturing, service, and financial sectors generally exhibit higher GDP figures compared to those primarily dependent on agriculture. Moreover, external factors, including global economic and political developments, can impact GDP growth.

The government’s role is paramount in fostering economic development through the implementation of policies that promote investment, entrepreneurship, and innovation. However, regional disparities in economic growth persist across India, with certain states experiencing higher levels of development than others. Addressing these disparities remains a significant challenge for policymakers seeking to promote more equitable economic growth nationwide.


Which industries are responsible for these states’ economic growth?

  • Maharashtra gains from a robust industrial foundation that includes manufacturing, finance, and services.
  • Delhi has a vibrant service industry with a strong emphasis on government-related tasks. 
  • While Gujarat has a thriving industrial sector, particularly in petrochemicals and textiles.
  • Tamil Nadu is noted for its manufacturing and automobile sectors.

Which are the top ten richest states of India?

According to per capita GDP:  Maharashtra, Delhi, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Kerala, Haryana, and Punjab are the top 10 richest states in India.

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