Important Articles of Constitution of India

You are currently viewing Important Articles of Constitution of India

The Constitution of India is the supreme law of the country, and it came into effect on January 26, 1950. It serves as the foundational legal document that governs the political, social, and economic framework of the nation. The drafting and adoption of the Constitution were overseen by the Constituent Assembly, a body of elected representatives from various regions and communities.

The Constitution of India is one of the lengthiest in the world and consists of a preamble, 448 articles organized under 25 parts, and 12 schedules. It embodies the principles of justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity, ensuring the protection and promotion of fundamental rights and principles of governance.

Articles of each part cover different facets of the Constitution, including legislative and executive branches, statutory bodies, constitutional bodies, schedules, sections and fundamental rights, among other topics.

Some of the important articles in the Constitution of India are mentioned below: 

Part Article Title
Part 1 Article 1 Name and territory of the union
Article 2 Admission and establishment of the new state
Article 3 Formation of new states and alteration of areas, boundaries, and name of existing states
Part 2 Article 5 Citizenship at the commencement of the constitution
Article 6 Rights of citizenship of a certain person who has migrated to India from Pakistan
Article 10 Continuance of rights of citizenship
Article 11 Parliament to regulate the right of citizenship by law
Part 3 Article 12 Definition of the state
Article 13 Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights
Right to Equality Article 14 Equality before the law
Article 15 Prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth
Article 16 Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment
Article 17 Abolition of untouchability
Article 18 Abolition of titles
Right to Freedom Article 19 Guarantees six rights to citizens of India: Freedom of speech and expression, Freedom to assemble peaceably and without arms, Freedom to form associations or unions, Freedom to move freely throughout the territory of India, Freedom to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India, Omitted, Freedom to practice any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade, or business
Right against Exploitation Article 23 Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labor
Article 24 Prohibition of employment of children in factories, etc.
Right to Freedom of Religion Article 25 Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice, and propagation of religion
Article 26 Freedom to manage religious affairs
Article 27 Freedom as to payment of taxes for the promotion of any particular religion
Article 28 Freedom from attending religious instruction or religious worship in certain educational institutions
Cultural and Educational Rights Article 29 Protection of interest of minorities
Article 30 Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions
Right to Constitutional Remedies Article 32 Remedies for enforcement of Fundamental Rights


Part Article Title
Part- 4 Directive Principles of State Policy Article 36 Definition
Article 37 Application of the principles contained in Part 4
Article 38 State to secure a social order for the promotion of the welfare of the people
Article 39 Certain principles of policy to be followed by the State
Article 40 Organization of a village panchayat
Article 41 Right to work, to education, and to public assistance in certain cases
Article 43 Living Wages, etc. for Workers
Article 43A Participation of workers in the management of industries
Article 44 Uniform civil code (applicable in Goa only)
Article 45 Provision for free and compulsory education for children
Article 46 Promotion of educational and economic interest of scheduled castes, ST, and OBC
Article 47 Duty of the state to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health
Article 48 Organization of agriculture and animal husbandry
Article 49 Protection of monuments and places and objects of natural importance
Article 50 Separation of the judiciary from the executive
Article 51 Promotion of international peace and security
Part 4A – Fundamental Duties Article 51A Fundamental Duties of Citizens of India
Part 5 – The Union Article 52 The President of India
Article 53 Executive Power of the Union
Article 54 Election of President
Article 61 Procedure for Impeachment of the President
Article 63 The Vice-president of India
Article 64 The Vice-President to be ex-officio chairman of the Council of States
Article 66 Election of Vice-president
Article 72 Pardoning powers of the President
Article 74 Council of ministers to aid and advise President
Article 76 Attorney-General for India
Article 79 Constitution of Parliament
Article 80 Composition of Rajya Sabha
Article 81 Composition of Lok Sabha
Article 83 Duration of Houses of Parliament
Article 93 The speakers and Deputy speakers of the House of the People
Article 105 Powers, Privileges, etc. of the House of Parliament
Article 108 Joint sitting of both Houses in certain cases
Article 109 Special procedure in respect of money bills
Article 110 Definition of “Money Bills”
Article 112 Annual Financial Budget
Article 114 Appropriation Bills
Article 123 Powers of the President to promulgate Ordinances during the recess of Parliament
Part 5 – The Judiciary Article 124 Establishment of Supreme Court
Article 125 Salaries of Judges
Article 126 Appointment of acting Chief justice
Article 127 Appointment of ad-hoc judges
Article 128 Attendance of retired judge at sitting of the Supreme Court
Article 129 Supreme Court to be a court of Record
Article 130 Seat of the Supreme Court
Article 136 Special leaves for an appeal to the Supreme Court
Article 137 Review of judgment or orders by the Supreme Court
Article 141 Decision of the Supreme Court binding on all the courts
Article 142 Enforcement of decrees and orders of Supreme Court and unless as to discovery, etc.
Article 148 Comptroller and Auditor-General of India
Article 149 Duties and Powers of CAG


States: Article 152 – 237 (Part 6)

  • Article 153 – Governors of State
  • Article 154 – Executive Powers of Governor
  • Article 161 – Pardoning powers of the Governor
  • Article 165 – Advocate-General of the State
  • Article 213 – Power of Governor to promulgate ordinances
  • Article 214 – High Courts for states
  • Article 215 – High Courts to be a court of record
  • Article 226 – Power of High Courts to issue certain writs
  • Article 233 – Appointment of District judges
  • Article 235 – Control over Subordinate Courts


Union Territories: Article 239 – 242 (Part 8)

Panchayats: Article 243 – 243O (Part 9)

  • Article 243A – Gram Sabha
  • Article 243B – Constitution of Panchayats

Municipalities: Article 243P – 243ZG (Part 9A)

Co-operative Societies: Article 243ZH – 243ZT (Part 9B)

Scheduled and Tribal Areas: Article 244 (Part 10)


Center-State Relations: Article 245 – 263 (Part 11)

Finance, Property, Contracts, and Suits: Article 264 – 300A (Part 12)

  • Article 266 – Consolidated Fund and Public Accounts Fund
  • Article 267 – Contingency Fund of India
  • Article 280 – Finance Commission
  • Article 300-A – Right to property

Trade, Commerce, and Intercourse within the territories of India: Article 301 – 307 (Part 13)

  • Article 301 – Freedom to trade, commerce, and intercourse.
  • Article 302 – Power of Parliament to impose restrictions on trade, commerce, and intercourse.

Services Under Center and State: Article 308 – 323 (Part 14)

  • Article 312 – All-India-Service.
  • Article 315 – Public service commissions for the union and for the states
  • Article 320 – Functions of Public Service Commission.

Tribunals: Article 323A – 323B (Part 14A)

  • Article 323A – Administrative Tribunals

Elections: Article 324 – 329 (Part 15)

  • Article 324 – Superintendence, direction, and control of Elections to be vested in an Election Commission.
  • Article 325 – No person to be ineligible for inclusion in or to claim to be included in a special, electoral roll on grounds of religion, race, caste, or sex.
  • Article 326 – Elections to the House of the People and to the legislative assemblies of states to be on the basis of adult suffrage.

Special Provisions to SC, ST, OBC, Minorities, etc.: Article 330 – 342 (Part 16)

  • Article 338 – National Commission for the SC, & ST.
  • Article 340 – Appointment of a commission to investigate the conditions of backward classes.

Official Language: Article 343 – 351 (Part 17)

  • Article 343 – Official languages of the Union.
  • Article 345 – Official languages or languages of states.
  • Article 348 – Languages to be used in the Supreme Court and in the High Courts.
  • Article 351 – Directive for development of the Hindi languages.

Emergency: Article 352 – 360 (Part 18)

  • Article 352 – Proclamation of Emergency ( National Emergency).
  • Article 356 – State Emergency (President’s Rule)
  • Article 360 – Financial Emergency

Miscellaneous: Article 361 – 367 (Part 19)

  • Article 361- Protection of President and Governors

Amendment of Constitution: Article 368 (Part 20)

  • Article 368 – Powers of Parliaments to amend the constitution

Special, Transitional, and Temporary Provisions: Article 369 – 392 (Part 21)

  • Article 370 – Special provision of J&K.
  • Article 371A – Special provision with respect to the State of Nagaland
  • Article 371-J – Special Status for Hyderabad-Karnataka region

Short Text, Commencement, Authoritative Text in Hindi and Repeals: Article 392 – 395 (Part 22)

  • Article 393 – Short title – This Constitution may be called the Constitution of India.


Leave a Reply